“Motivation takes place when people expect that a course of action is likely to lead to the attainment of a
goal – a valued reward that satisfies their particular needs”( Armstrong:1997)
“The willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals,
conditioned by the effort
As Willaim Blake once said “The essentials to happiness are something to love, something to do, and something to hope for.” All of us, in our lives, are on a never-ending journey to find happiness, and along this journey we immerse ourselves among different people and different situations to acheive this. Everyone has his or her own definition of
Understand, interpret, direct. This statement is an oversimplification of sorts, but defines the essence of Adlerian psychotherapy. From this minimal overview of Adlerian theory, we can begin to elaborate and explore the intricacies of individual psychology. Adlerians are concerned with understanding the unique and private belief
Alcoholism is perhaps the most common form of drug abuse in America today. In 1995, in the United States 67% of all the population over the age of 12 reported drinking alcohol with in the previous year. Even more astounding, is the fact that nearly 50% reported drinking some type of alcoholic beverage with in the past month. Scientist report that t
Adlerian goals for the client were to help them develop a healthy, complete lifestyle, and to help them overcome feelings of inferiority. He developed a twelve-stage process to help a client reach his or her goals. He believed that everyone had an internal need to be a part of society.
Everyone has felt anger or aggression many times in there life. It happens all of the time. We all face the same challenge of trying to control our temper. It may be easier for some people than it is for others. Many studies show that it is healthy for a person to let out their anger once in a while. They believe that it will help in your relations
Observation is very important in young children because that is how you get to know a child better. While observing how a child interacts with their peers, adults, and how they behave in different settings, you are getting to know the child without speaking to them.
It may be important to observe a child but at the same time it may
Child Psychology : Infants and Hidden Object Tasks
What can we learn about how infants think from their performance on hidden object tasks?
There are different explanations as to how children develop and there will always be conflicting views when it comes to identifying the behaviour of infants, as their behaviour is limited. This makes the research limited; the methods used gener
Classical Adlerian psychology is a values-based, fully-integrated, theory of personality, model of psychopathology, philosophy
of living, strategy for preventative education, and technique of psychotherapy. Its mission is to encourage the development of
psychologically healthy and cooperative individuals, couples, and families, in ord
The development of personality has long been an area of extreme interest to psychologists and psychoanalysts alike and many different theories of personality have developed over the years. From Sigmund Freud to B.F. Skinner, everyone seems to have not only an opinion of what personality is and how it develops but also an idea as to what is the best
Some say that mankind is complex beyond comprehension. I cannot, of course, speak for every other individual on this earth, but I do not believe that I am a very difficult person to understand. My life is based upon two very simple, sweeping philosophies: pragmatism in actions and idealism in thought. Thus, with these two attitudes, I characterize
Colorblindness: Are men more colorblind than women
INTRODUCTION: Are more males more colorblind than females? In todays world if you went up to a group of women and asked if they were colorblind many of them would tell you no, but there might be one or two of them that are red-green colorblind. But if you did the same thing but instead went up to a group of guys most of them would tell you that
Compare and contrast two developmental theories of
Compare and contrast two developmental theories of intelligence
Intelligence is a complex psychological construct and promotes fierce debate amongst academics. Many experts maintain that intelligence is the most important aspect of individual differences, whereas other doubt its value as a concept. At one extreme many claim that in
Americas on-going drug abuse epidemic continues into this millenium, and there are many social problems linked to drug use, including suicide. The disparity of daily life in suburbs or the inner cities are why many people have fallen into their reliance on drugs, including alcohol. Patros and Shamoo (1989) describe the abuse of drugs and alcohol
1. The text book definition of Personality is an individuals unique patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that persist over time and across situations.
In a way I agree with this idea that a personality is what makes all of us who we are. I believe that a personality is a combination of innate characteristics that everyone is born wit
Depression is a psychiatric disorder characterized by feelings of worthlessness, guilt, sadness, helplessness, and hopelessness. It is different then normal sadness or grief from the loss of a loved one because it is persistent and severe. Clinical depression has many related symptoms trouble sleeping, eating disorders, withdrawal and inactivity, s
Every day approximately 80 Americans take their life, and more than 1,500 people attempt to do so. That means a person dies by suicide about every 18 minutes and an attempt is made once every minute. Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death in the United States. It is also the 2nd leading cause of death among college students. As a member of
Everyone experiences diverse emotions and mood changes throughout life. Those feelings are an ordinary part of life that most individuals acknowledge and confront. On the other hand, there are several individuals who find it hard to cope with such changes. This causes those individuals to feel an overwhelming amount of enragement, helplessness, and
Developmental Psychology -Why Dreams Are Forgotten
That a dream fades away in the morning is proverbial. It is, indeed, possible to recall it. For we know the dream, of course, only by recalling it after waking; but we very often believe that we remember it incompletely, that during the night there was more of it than we remember. We may observe how the memory of a dream which in the morning was st